Language Arts Orange (2)

This list is representative of the materials provided or used in this course. Keep in mind that the actual materials used may vary, depending on the school in which you are enrolled, and whether you are taking the course as Independent Study.

For a complete list of the materials to be used in this course by your enrolled student, please visit MyInfo. All lists are subject to change at any time.

Scope & Sequence : Scope & Sequence documents describe what is covered in a course (the scope) and also the order in which topics are covered (the sequence). These documents list instructional objectives and skills to be mastered. K12 Scope & Sequence documents for each course include:

Course Overview

This course provides a comprehensive and interrelated sequence of lessons for students to continue building their proficiency in literature and comprehension, writing skills, vocabulary, spelling, and handwriting.

  • Literature and Comprehension: A guided reading approach builds comprehension strategies and gradually transitions students to independent reading assignments. Leveled reading selections progressively expose students to new challenges including greater length, more complex content, and new vocabulary. The emphasis is on classic literature from many cultures, poetry, and nonfiction articles. Students also make their own reading choices to help foster a lifelong love of reading.
  • Writing Skills: Students learn about parts of speech, usage, capitalization, and punctuation, then apply this knowledge as they write sentences and paragraphs. Students are introduced to the process of writing, as they pre-write, draft, revise, and proofread their work before they share it with others. Written products include letters, poems, literature reviews, research reports, and presentations.
  • Vocabulary: Students increase their vocabulary through word study, comprehension, and word analysis, then apply their knowledge in a variety of authentic contexts.
  • Spelling: Students continue their exploration of spelling conventions with lessons in sound-symbol relationships and patterns.
  • Handwriting: Handwriting Without Tears helps students develop printing skills and, if appropriate, begin cursive handwriting.
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Course Outline

Literature and Comprehension

Unit 1: Furry Friends

  • Course Introduction; "The Lion and the Fox"; "The Hound and the Hare"

Unit 2: Flying Friends

  • "The Life of a Butterfly"; "I See a Honeybee"; Creepy-Crawly Poems

Unit 3: Choice #1

Unit 4: Poetry

  • Feelings Poems

Unit 5: Classics for All Ages

  • "The Fox and the Grapes"; "The Goose and the Golden Eggs"; "The Pied Piper of Hamelin"; "The Bremen Town Musicians"

Unit 6: A Weed is a Flower

Unit 7: Winds and Wings

  • "Bee! I'm Expecting You!"; "Something Told the Wild Geese"; "Who Has Seen the Wind?"; "Windy Nights"

Unit 8: Rome 1

  • "Living with Latin"; "Gods and Spirits of Ancient Rome"; "Clytie"; "Pandora's Box"; "Echo"

Unit 9: Rome 2

  • "A Day in Ancient Rome"; "Androcles and the Lion"; "Pliny Saw it All"; Volcanoes!

Unit 10: Peter Pan

Unit 11: "The Jackals and the Lion"

Unit 12: Clara and the Book Wagon

Unit 13: Lessons to Learn

  • "The Ugly Duckling"; "The Grasshopper and the Ant"; "The Three Wishes"

Unit 14: Checkpoint

Unit 15: Revolution

  • "Independence Day"; Sam the Minuteman

Unit 16: Quilting Stories

  • The Josefina Story Quilt; "Pioneer Patchwork"

Unit 17: Pet Poems

Unit 18: "The Foolish Goose"

Unit 19: Poetry

  • "Discovery" and "Untitled"

Unit 20: Choice #2

Unit 21: Cam Jansen: The Mystery of the Stolen Diamonds

Unit 22: Bears

  • "Bears in Danger"; The Bears on Hemlock Mountain; "Animals in Winter"

Unit 23: Clever Animals

  • "Puss in Boots"; "Tug O War"; "Each Animal in Its Place"

Unit 24: More Lessons to Learn

  • "The Fisherman"; "The Warrior and the Baby"

Unit 25: More Poetry

  • Night Time Poems; "Bedtime" and "Sun for Breakfast"; "Bed in Summer"

Unit 26: What's In a Name

  • "Rumplestiltskin"; "The Hippopotamus and the Tortoise"

Unit 27: Weather Poems

Unit 28: Choice #3

Unit 29: Westward Expansion

  • The Long Way Westward; "Pioneers Go West"

Unit 30: Travel Poems

  • "Where Go the Boats?"; Transportation Poems

Unit 31: Choice #4

Unit 32: Going to the Dogs

  • "The Dog and His Shadow"; "The Dog and the Wolf"; "The Boy Who Cried Wolf"; Buddy: The First Seeing Eye Dog; "Animal Helpers"

Unit 33: Checkpoint

Writing Skills

Unit 1: Complete Sentences

  • Course Introduction; What Is a Sentence?; Sentence Beginnings and Endings

Unit 2: Write Sentences

  • How to Evaluate Writing; Recognize and Fix Sentences; Change the Sentence; Fix the Sentences; Write Sentences

Unit 3: Kinds of Sentences

  • Statements; Questions; Exclamations and Commands

Unit 4: Write Different Types of Sentences

  • Tell Me About It; Ask Me About It; Shout About It; Revise Sentences; Write Different Types of Sentences

Unit 5: Nouns

  • What Is a Noun?; Common and Proper Nouns; More Nouns

Unit 6: Write Steps

  • Step-by-Step; Details Count; Follow Steps; Organize Ideas; Write Steps Using a Graphic Organizer

Unit 7: Verbs

  • What Is a Verb?; Action Verbs; Other Verbs

Unit 8: Sequence Events

  • Beginning, Middle, and End; Use Order Words; What Happens Next?; Organize Ideas; Write a Sequence

Unit 9: Capitalization and Punctuation in a Letter

  • Capital Letters in the Heading of a Letter; Commas in the Heading of a Letter; Greeting and Closing of a Letter

Unit 10: Write Friendly Letters

  • What Is a Friendly Letter?; Friendly Letter Format; Organize a Letter; Address an Envelope; Write a Friendly Letter

Unit 11: Singular and Plural Nouns

  • One or Many?; Form Plural Nouns; More Plural Nouns

Unit 12: Write Thank You Notes

  • What Is a Thank You Note?; Use the Friendly Letter Format; Thank You Note Plan; Send a Thank You Note; Write a Thank You Note

Unit 13: Subjects and Verbs

  • Nouns and Verbs; Singular Nouns and Verbs; Plural Nouns and Verbs

Unit 14: Write a Paragraph

  • What Is a Paragraph?; Choose a Topic; Create Supporting Details; Draft a Paragraph; Write a Paragraph

Unit 15: Pronouns

  • What Is a Pronoun?; Plural Pronouns; More Pronouns

Unit 16: Complete and Revise a Paragraph

  • Revise Your Draft: Introductions; Get from Point to Point: Transitions; Write a Conclusion; Revise for Content; Revise a Paragraph

Unit 17: Review and Checkpoint

  • Sentences, Nouns, and Verbs; Letters, Singular and Plural Nouns, Subjects and Verbs, and Pronouns

Unit 18: Polish and Publish a Paragraph

  • What Is Proofreading?; Use a Dictionary; Use a Thesaurus; Use a Checklist; Publish Your Work

Unit 19: Adjectives

  • What Is an Adjective?; Descriptive Adjectives; Articles

Unit 20: Write Descriptively

  • Show Me; Plan a Description; Organize Your Writing; Revise a Description; Polish and Publish a Description

Unit 21: Adverbs

  • What Is an Adverb?; More Adverbs; Adjective or Adverb?

Unit 22: Write Poetry

  • Respond to Poems that Describe; Poetic Forms and Subjects; Draft a Poem; Revise Your Poem; Polish and Publish Your Poem

Unit 23: Verb Tense

  • Tense of Verbs; Past Tense Verbs; More Past Tense Verbs

Unit 24: Write an Experience Story

  • What Is an Experience Story?; Brainstorm an Experience Story; Plan an Experience Story; Draft Dialogue; Complete an Experience Story

Unit 25: Quotations

  • What Are Quotations?; Quotations and Quotation Marks; More Quotations

Unit 26: Revise and Publish an Experience Story

  • Revise for Focus; Revise for Content; Revise for Variety in Sentences; Proofread and Polish Your Experience Story; Publish Your Experience Story

Unit 27: Possessive Nouns

  • What Is a Possessive Noun?; Plural Possessive Nouns; More Plural Possessive Nouns

Unit 28: Write about Literature

  • What Is a Book Review?; Plan a Summary for a Book Review; Opinion Statements and Support for a Book Review; Draft a Book Review; Write a Book Review

Unit 29: Names, Initials, and Titles

  • Names and Initials of People; Titles of People; Place Names

Unit 30: Make a Presentation

  • What Is a Presentation?; Create a Visual; Develop a Presentation; Practice a Presentation; Deliver a Presentation

Unit 31: Commas and Apostrophes

  • Words in a Series; Contractions; More Contractions

Unit 32: Research Skills

  • What Is Research?; Lesson References; Take Notes; Create a Plan

Unit 33: More Capital Letters

  • Months and Days; Holidays; Product Names and More

Unit 34: Write About Information

  • State Your Topic; Write the Body; Introductions; Conclusions

Unit 35: Review and Checkpoint

  • Adjectives, Adverbs, Verb Tense, and Quotations; Possessive Nouns, Capital Letters, Commas, and Contractions

Unit 36: Revise and Publish Your Work

  • Revise from Feedback; Revise for Content; Revise for Organization; Proofread and Polish Your Report; Publish Your Report



  • Determining word meanings
  • Prefixes and suffixes
  • Roots
  • Synonyms and antonyms
  • Compound words
  • Glossaries, thesauruses, and beginner dictionaries
  • Contractions
  • Literal and non-literal meanings
  • Real-life connections between words and their uses
  • Homographs and homophones



  • Digraphs
  • Beginning and ending blends
  • Double trouble endings
  • R-controlled vowels
  • Long vowel spellings
  • Long and short double o spellings
  • Long e and i spelled y
  • Open and closed syllables
  • Prefixes and suffixes
  • Multisyllabic words
  • Unusual plurals



  • Writing dictated letters and numbers
  • Correct direction and order
  • Placement on the baseline
  • Consistent, grade-appropriate size
  • Left-to-right and top-to-bottom directionality
  • Appropriate spacing
  • Appropriate pencil grip
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Number of Lessons and Scheduling

120 minutes

Total Lessons: 180

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K12 Scope & Sequence documents for each course include:

  • Course Overview (as seen above)
  • Course Outline
  • Lesson Time and Scheduling