ENG102: Literary Analysis and Composition I (Core)

This list is representative of the materials provided or used in this course. Keep in mind that the actual materials used may vary, depending on the school in which you are enrolled, and whether you are taking the course as Independent Study.

For a complete list of the materials to be used in this course by your enrolled student, please visit MyInfo. All lists are subject to change at any time.

Scope & Sequence : Scope & Sequence documents describe what is covered in a course (the scope) and also the order in which topics are covered (the sequence). These documents list instructional objectives and skills to be mastered. K12 Scope & Sequence documents for each course include:

Course Overview

In this course, students work on their written and oral communication skills, while strengthening their ability to understand and analyze works of literature, both classic and modern.

Literature: Students read short stories, poetry, drama, novels, essays, and informative articles. The course sharpens reading comprehension skills and engages readers in literary analysis as they consider important human issues and challenging ideas. Students also learn to read for information in nonfiction texts.

Language Skills: Students learn to express their ideas effectively. They sharpen their composition skills through a focus on writing good paragraphs and essays in a variety of genres, such as persuasive and research essays. Students plan, organize, and revise written works in response to feedback on drafts. In grammar, usage, and mechanics lessons, students expand their understanding of parts of speech, phrases and clauses, sentence analysis and structure, agreement, punctuation, and other conventions. Vocabulary lessons build knowledge of Greek and Latin words that form the roots of many English words. Students use word origins and derivations to determine the meaning of new words as they increase their vocabularies.

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Course Length

Two Semesters

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Note: This course is only for students who are new to the K12 curriculum. Students who have taken K12 Intermediate English A or B or K12 middle school Literary Analysis and Composition courses should not enroll in this course.

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Course Outline


Literature lessons sharpen reading comprehension skills, engage readers in literary analysis, and offer a variety of literature to suit diverse tastes. Through a varied selection of stories, plays, and poems, students develop skills of close reading and literary analysis while considering important human issues and challenging ideas. They come to appreciate the writer's craft as they consider the feelings, thoughts, and ideas of characters, and make connections between literature and life. Students also learn to read for information in nonfiction texts and practice the critical reading and analysis skills that are necessary for taking standardized assessments.

Readings include:

Novels (choose any two of the following):

  • The Outsiders by S.E. Hinton
  • The Dark Is Rising by Susan Cooper
  • The Fellowship of the Ring by J.R.R. Tolkien
  • The Hound of the Baskervilles by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
  • Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry by Mildred Taylor
  • White Fang by Jack London
  • The Martian Chronicles by Ray Bradbury


  • Julius Caesar for Young People (Swan Books)

Prose Fiction and Nonfiction

  • Works by Langston Hughes, Francisco Jiménez, Yoshiko Uchida, John Greenleaf Whittier, Joseph Addison, Robert E. Lee, and others.


  • Works by Emily Dickinson, William Wordsworth, Christina Rossetti, Rudyard Kipling, Robert Frost, Walter de la Mare, Elizabeth Coatsworth, and others.

Partial List of Skills Taught:

  • Describe characters based on speech, actions, or interactions with others.
  • Identify character traits and motivations.
  • Identify rhyme scheme.
  • Recognize use of language to convey mood.
  • Recognize author's purpose and devices used to accomplish it, including author's language, organization, and structure.
  • Identify and interpret the use of figurative language.
  • Compare and contrast literary characters and selections.
  • Identify theme.
  • Identify point of view.
  • Make inferences and draw conclusions.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of authors, characters, and events of historically or culturally significant works of literature.
  • Identify conflict and resolution.
  • Identify climax.
  • Recognize author's attitude or tone.
  • Compare and contrast characters or literary selections.
  • Identify conflict and resolution.
  • Identify symbolism.
  • Recognize the effect of setting or culture on a literary work.
  • Recognize use of language to convey mood.
  • Make inferences and draw conclusions.


Students learn the building blocks of effective compositions by starting with the basis for all essays—the paragraph. After they have learned about the structure and organization of ideas in a paragraph, they begin the study of the essay. Students read model essays and analyze the essays from the perspective of both a reader and a writer. In writing their own essays, students apply the concepts they have learned from studying the models. Students go through a process in writing essays: They plan, organize, write, revise, and proofread their essays, implementing feedback they receive in the early stages of writing. Students also learn to write in response to prompts similar to those they will encounter on standardized tests.

Introduction to the Paragraph

  • Students learn about the parts of a paragraph, the importance of purpose and audience, and the concepts of unity, clarity, and coherence. They apply what they learned as they write their own paragraph.

Introduction to the Essay

  • Students read a model essay and analyze it. They learn about the importance of developing a strong thesis statement that controls the ideas in the rest of the essay. Then students plan, write, revise, and proofread an essay on a topic they have chosen.

Writing to a Prompt

  • As students progress through high school, they are faced with standardized tests that ask them to write a response to a question, also known as a prompt. In this course, students learn how to read and analyze a prompt, plan their response, and write their essay, all within a predetermined time limit.

Personal Narrative

  • The personal narrative offers students a chance to express themselves in the form of an essay. After reading a model narrative essay, students analyze it, focusing on the way the writer uses language to show—not merely to tell—what is happening. Students plan, write, and revise their narrative essay, incorporating what they learned about showing language.

Persuasive Essay

  • The ability to persuade is a skill students will find useful throughout their lives. Students focus on the elements of logical thinking and on the importance of knowing the difference between fact and opinion as they read and analyze the model essay and as they write their own persuasive essay.

Research Report

  • The Composition curriculum culminates with a research report. Before students begin their research, they learn about information sources, both in libraries and online. They are introduced to Internet searches and ways to determine if a source is reliable. Note-taking, outlining, and citing sources are other topics covered in this comprehensive unit.


The Grammar, Usage, and Mechanics program addresses many grammatical topics, with reinforcement activities in sentence analysis, sentence structure, and proper punctuation. Students analyze syntax and diagram sentences in order to understand how words, phrases, and clauses function in relation to each other. Frequent exercises and regular practice help students absorb the rules so they can confidently apply them in their own writing.

  • General Topics of Study Include:
  • Sentence Review
  • Parts of Speech Review
  • Kinds of Complements
  • Kinds of Phrases
  • Verbals and Verbal Phrases
  • Clauses
  • Sentence Fragments and Run-ons
  • Using Verbs
  • Using Pronouns
  • Subject and Verb Agreement
  • Using Adjectives and Adverbs
  • Capital Letters
  • End Marks and Commas
  • Italics and Quotation Marks
  • Other Punctuation


The Vocabulary from Classical Roots program builds knowledge of Greek and Latin words that form the roots of many English words, especially the polysyllabic terms that sometimes cause students to stumble. Throughout this program, students define and use words with Greek and Latin roots, and use word origins and derivations.

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Lesson Scheduling

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K12 Scope & Sequence documents for each course include:

  • Course Overview (as seen above)
  • Course Outline
  • Lesson Time and Scheduling