OTH032: Astronomy

This list is representative of the materials provided or used in this course. Keep in mind that the actual materials used may vary, depending on the school in which you are enrolled, and whether you are taking the course as Independent Study.

For a complete list of the materials to be used in this course by your enrolled student, please visit MyInfo. All lists are subject to change at any time.

Scope & Sequence : Scope & Sequence documents describe what is covered in a course (the scope) and also the order in which topics are covered (the sequence). These documents list instructional objectives and skills to be mastered. K12 Scope & Sequence documents for each course include:

Course Overview

Why do stars twinkle? Is it possible to fall into a black hole? Will the sun ever stop shining? Since the first glimpse of the night sky, humans have been fascinated with the stars, planets, and universe. This course introduces students to the study of astronomy, including its history and development, basic scientific laws of motion and gravity, the concepts of modern astronomy, and the methods used by astronomers to learn more about the universe. Additional topics include the solar system, the Milky Way and other galaxies, and the sun and stars. Using online tools, students examine the life cycle of stars, the properties of planets, and the exploration of space.

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Course Length

One Semester

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Course Outline

Unit 1: The Earth, Moon, and Sun
Unit 2: The Universe
Unit 3: Stars
Unit 4: Galaxies
Astronomy Midterm Exam
Unit 5: Inner Planets
Unit 6: Outer Planets
Unit 7: The Sun
Unit 8: Comets, Asteroids, and Meteors
Astronomy Final Exam


  • Learn about the interactions between the Sun, Earth, and Moon.
  • Describe how the motion of the Earth causes seasons and night-day cycles.
  • Identify the characteristics and phases of the moon.
  • Explore how the moon's gravitational pull manipulates tides on Earth.
  • Distinguish between a lunar eclipse and a solar eclipse.
  • Describe the study of the cosmos.
  • Discuss the theory of the origin of the universe.
  • Examine the evidence that supports the Big Bang theory.
  • Examine the composition of matter and how it is distributed within the universe.
  • Describe the theories of the evolution and fate of the universe.
  • Describe the composition and characteristics of stars.
  • Learn how astronomers identify and describe constellations such as Ursa Major, Ursa Minor, Orion, and Cassiopeia.
  • Analyze and characterize stars by their physical and chemical properties.
  • Explain the use of diagrams and models in obtaining physical data on stars.
  • Examine the evolution of stars.
  • Differentiate and describe the types of galaxies within the universe.
  • Characterize the Milky Way.
  • Identify how galaxies are organized and distributed within the universe.
  • Describe the evolution of galaxies.
  • Examine the forces that shape galaxies of stars.
  • Describe how planetary matter is distributed within the solar system.
  • Explain the formation of the solar system.
  • Differentiate and describe the inner planets within our solar system.
  • Identify the shared characteristics among all inner planets in the solar system.
  • Explain the features of Earth that are essential to the development of life.
  • Differentiate and describe the unique characteristics of the outer planets in the solar system.
  • Identify the shared features and characteristics among the outer planets in the solar system.
  • Describe the arrangement and distances between the outer planets.
  • Explain why Pluto is no longer classified as a true planet of the solar system.
  • Compare and contrast the outer planets with Earth.
  • Identify the five regions of the Sun.
  • Discuss the structure and composition of the Sun.
  • Learn about nuclear fusion in the Sun, including the proton-proton chain reaction.
  • Examine solar activity, such as sunspots and solar flares.
  • Define and discuss solar eclipses.
  • Define comet, asteroid, meteoroid, meteor, and meteorite.
  • Examine the origin of comets and how their tails form.
  • Discuss the location of asteroids in the solar system.
  • Learn about the different types of meteorites.
  • Investigate how comets, asteroids, and meteorites influence life on Earth.
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Lesson Scheduling

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K12 Scope & Sequence documents for each course include:

  • Course Overview (as seen above)
  • Course Outline
  • Lesson Time and Scheduling