Language Arts 3

This list is representative of the materials provided or used in this course. Keep in mind that the actual materials used may vary, depending on the school in which you are enrolled, and whether you are taking the course as Independent Study.

For a complete list of the materials to be used in this course by your enrolled student, please visit MyInfo. All lists are subject to change at any time.

Scope & Sequence : Scope & Sequence documents describe what is covered in a course (the scope) and also the order in which topics are covered (the sequence). These documents list instructional objectives and skills to be mastered. K12 Scope & Sequence documents for each course include:

Course Overview

This course provides a comprehensive sequence of lessons introducing students to composition, vocabulary, grammar, and spelling. Lessons are designed to develop comprehension, build vocabulary, and help students become more independent readers.

LANGUAGE SKILLS

Composition—Students practice writing as a process, as they write a narrative, a report, letters, poetry, and more
Grammar, Usage, and Mechanics—Students learn about sentence structure, parts of speech, research skills, and more
Vocabulary—Wordly Wise provides practice in word study skills, word analysis, and reading comprehension
Primary Analogies—Students develop test-taking and critical thinking skills as they connect words and ideas
Spelling—Through weekly word lists, students learn relationships between sounds and spellings
Handwriting—Handwriting Without Tears helps students develop their cursive handwriting skills
Public Speaking—Students learn and use techniques for effective oral presentations

LITERATURE

Students develop literary analysis and comprehension skills. The emphasis is on works that embody exemplary virtues, including Greek and Norse myths, "William Tell," and episodes from Black Beauty . Students read works of nonfiction, as well as four novels (selected from a long list of such classics as Charlotte's Web, Little House on the Prairie, and Henry Huggins ). A test preparation program prepares students for standardized tests.

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Prerequisites


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Course Outline

LITERATURE

Comprehension Strategies

  • Ask questions and support answers by connecting prior knowledge with information found in, and inferred from, the text
  • Make connections to personal experiences
  • Recall major points in the text and make and modify predictions
  • Summarize readings

Comprehension Skills

  • Recognize the author's purpose
  • Identify the speaker or narrator in a selection
  • Recognize cause and effect
  • Compare and contrast across selections and genres
  • Draw conclusions
  • Make and explain inferences
  • Identify problems characters face in stories and identify how they solve them
  • Distinguish fact from opinion
  • Identify and sequence steps in a process
  • Identify the main idea and supporting details
  • Recognize story elements: character, setting, plot (conflict and resolution), and theme

Informational Materials

  • Use titles, tables of contents, chapter headings, glossaries, and indexes to locate information in text
  • Follow simple, multiple-step written instructions (e.g., how to assemble a product or play a board game)
  • Locate information in charts, diagrams, maps, captions, illustrations, and photos

Literary Response

  • Recognize different genres: biography, drama, fiction, nonfiction, and poetry
  • Determine what characters are like by what they say and do, and by how the author or illustrator portrays them

Poetry

  • Identify line, stanza, and rhyme
  • Identify and use similes
  • Identify and analyze how a poet uses language to appeal to the senses, create imagery, and set tone
  • Recognize literary techniques such as personification, alliteration, and onomatopoeia

Listening and Speaking Strategies

  • Retell, paraphrase, and explain what a speaker has said
  • Read prose and poetry aloud with fluency, rhythm, and expression
  • Connect and relate prior experiences, insights, and ideas to those of a speaker

Analysis of Oral and Media Communications

  • Compare ideas and points of view expressed in broadcast and print media
  • Distinguish between the speaker's opinions and verifiable facts

LANGUAGE SKILLS

Grammar, Usage, and Mechanics

Sentences
  • Identify four kinds of sentences: statement, question, command, and exclamation
  • Use the appropriate punctuation mark for each kind of sentence
  • Identify the subject and predicate of a sentence
Nouns
  • Classify a noun as a person, place, or thing
  • Identify nouns in a sentence
  • Distinguish between common and proper nouns
  • Capitalize proper nouns
  • Change regular and irregular singular nouns into plural nouns
  • Change a singular noun into a singular possessive noun by adding 'f;s
Verbs
  • Identify verbs in a sentence
  • Identify action verbs
  • Classify verbs as being or action
  • Identify being verbs
  • Identify helping and main verbs in sentences
  • Name and identify the four principal parts of verbs: present, present participle, past, and past participle
  • Identify principal parts and use the correct forms of irregular verbs
  • Use correct forms of is, are, was, and were
Adjectives
  • Identify adjectives in sentences
  • Add adjectives to describe nouns in sentences
  • Identify comparative adjectives in sentences
  • Identify adjectives that tell exactly how many and adjectives that tell about how many
  • Identify the articles a, an, and the in sentences
  • Complete sentences using this or that
Paragraph Skills
  • Use action verbs in sentences
  • Add interest to writing by using vivid adjectives
  • Combine sentences with the same or nearly the same verb
  • Combine sentences with the same subject
  • Combine short sentences into one longer sentence using a comma with and or but
Research Skills
  • Understand how to use a library catalog
  • Understand a dictionary entry
  • Apply alphabetizing skills in using dictionary guide words to find an entry
  • Identify key words to use in locating information on a subject in an encyclopedia
  • Use a thesaurus
Pronouns
  • Identify subject pronouns in sentences
  • Replace subjects with subject pronouns
  • Replace plural nouns with correct plural pronouns
  • Replace nouns that come after a verb with me, us, him, her, and them
  • Complete sentences with the correct possessive pronoun (mine, ours, yours, his, hers, and theirs)
  • Correctly use I or me
Adverbs
  • Identify adverbs and their uses
  • Use good and well correctly in sentences
Synonyms, Antonyms, and Homophones
  • Replace words with synonyms
  • Identify antonyms to given words
  • Use homophones correctly
Abbreviations and Titles
  • Write abbreviations for addresses
  • Write abbreviations for units of measure
  • Write abbreviations for months of the year and days of the week
  • Identify and correctly choose titles for a man or woman
  • Apply italics to book titles in a word processed document
  • Underline book titles when handwriting
  • Use quotation marks around titles of poems
Commas and Quotation Marks
  • Use commas correctly in various ways
  • Use quotation marks correctly in various ways
Contractions
  • Form contractions by combining words and replacing omitted letters with an apostrophe
  • Complete sentences with correct homophones

Vocabulary and Word Study

  • Understand and apply the definitions of given words
  • Write sentences to answer questions on a reading selection that uses the words in context
  • Write original sentences that use words correctly in context
  • Make connections between words and ideas
  • Identify and explain verbal relationships

HANDWRITING

  • Hold pencil correctly
  • Write lowercase and uppercase cursive letters correctly on standard-ruled paper
  • Space letters, words, and sentences properly
  • Copy short passages legibly and accurately

LISTENING AND SPEAKING

  • Recite a poem from memory, read a composition he or she has written, and read a brief passage from a favorite book
  • Learn and use techniques for effective oral presentations
  • Maintain purposeful discussion (agree and disagree constructively, state ideas clearly and fully using complete sentences and proper grammar, synthesize and build on the ideas of others, explain and defend ideas)
  • Understand and follow oral directions

COMPOSITION

Writing as a Process

  • Understand and practice writing as a process (prewriting, drafting, revising, proofreading, publishing)

Paragraph Skills

  • Identify topic sentence and details
  • Understand paragraph unity and development

Writing Friendly Letters

  • Identify the parts of a friendly letter
  • Understand the audience and purpose for friendly letters and thank you notes
  • Address an envelope

Using Rubrics

  • Identify the characteristics of a composition in each point of rubric
  • Score sample writings papers using a rubric

Writing a Personal Narrative

  • Write a personal narrative in response to a given prompt
  • Use the writing process to develop and improve a personal narrative

Descriptive Writing

  • Write a descriptive essay in response to a given prompt
  • Use the writing process to develop and improve a descriptive essay

Persuasive Writing

  • Distinguish fact from opinion
  • Understand the need for evidence to support a position
  • Write a persuasive essay in response to a given prompt
  • Use the writing process to develop and improve a persuasive essay

Steps in a Process

  • Explain the steps in a process in response to a given prompt
  • Use the writing process to develop and improve an essay that explains steps in a process

Report Writing

  • Gather and organize information relevant to a specific topic
  • Write a book report
  • Use the writing process to develop and improve a report
  • Use techniques for effective oral presentations to deliver a report

Story Starters

  • Write a story given a story starter
  • Use the writing process to develop and improve a story

SPELLING

  • Words with short vowels
  • Words with the suffixes -s and -es
  • Words with ng and nk
  • Words with the spellings of long a—a-consonant-e, ai, ay, a, eigh
  • Words with the spellings of long i—i-consonant-e, i, igh, ie, y
  • Words with the spellings of long o—o-consonant-e, o, oe, ow, oa, ough
  • Words with the spellings of long e—ee, ea, econsonant- e, ie, y
  • Words with the spellings of /yu/—u, u-consonant-e, ew, ue
  • Words with the spellings of /oo/ as in spoon—oo, uconsonant- e, u, ue, ou
  • Words (homographs) with the spellings of /ou/—ou, ow; spellings of /oi/—oy, oi
  • Words with the spellings of /ur/, including er, ir, ur, ear
  • Words with y pronounced long e or long i
  • Words ending in y with the vowel suffixes -es, -ed, -er, -ing
  • Words that drop silent e before adding vowel suffix -ed, -ing, -er
  • Words that double their final consonant before adding vowel suffix -ed, -ing, -er, and do not double after cvvc or cvcc
  • Words with soft c and g
  • Words with al pronounced /aw/, and se and ze pronounced /z/
  • Words with triple consonant blends scr, spr, spl, str, squ
  • Words with digraph blends shr, thr, nch; digraph ph; trigraphs dge and tch
  • Words with the consonant suffixes-less, -ty, -ment and the contractions I’m, he’s, she’s, it’s
  • Words with the consonant suffixes -ly, -ful, -ness
  • Words with the prefixes re-, un-, under-, dis-
  • Words with le and el
  • Words with r-controlled vowels
  • Words with the spelling all and the sound /aw/
  • Words with /oo/ sound as in school and book
  • Words with the sounds /ed/, /t/, /d/ for the suffix -ed
  • Words with the suffix -ing
  • Words with wr, kn; homophones; words ending in ic
  • Words with ea pronounced as long a, long e, short e
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Lesson Scheduling

120 minutes

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Number of Lessons

180

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K12 Scope & Sequence documents for each course include:

  • Course Overview (as seen above)
  • Course Outline
  • Lesson Time and Scheduling